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[综合] 正在开发的车辆之ZBL-08

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发表于 2017-9-11 09:07:12 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
IN DEVELOPMENT: ZBL-08
正在开发的车辆之ZBL-08

Commanders!
指挥官们!

In our recent unveil article, you had the first opportunity to officially take a look at the Chinese portion of the Update 0.22 “Art of War” content. Some of the upcoming Chinese vehicles were already discussed in detail and today, we are going to continue our preview series with the upcoming ZBL-08 IFV.
在我们最近公布的文章中,你将有机会正式看到0.22“战争艺术”版本内容的中国车部分。一些即将到来的中国车已经出现在之前的文章里,而今天我们在此介绍即将到来的ZBL-08 IFV。

During the last two decades, a major modernization of the Chinese armored forces touched every single branch of the Chinese military, including infantry. China is a large country and with the steady improvement of the communications – especially in the eastern China – the idea of a fast wheeled Infantry Fighting Vehicle offering more advanced technology than the old APCs based on Soviet designs appealed more and more to the Chinese strategists.
过去二十年以来,中国武装力量的现代化建设已经深入了中国军队包括步兵在内的每一个分支。作为一个大国,随着对外交流(尤其是东部地区)的日益频繁,设计新的高速轮式IFV,去替换基于苏联设计的老旧APC的想法越来越吸引中国的战略家们。

NORINCO was tasked with the development of such a vehicle and the result became known as the ZBL-08. As usual, precious little information is available on this vehicle in English. The ZBL name is a military designation, referring to:
而北方工业的目标就是开发这种车辆,最后便诞生了ZBL-08。和其它中国车一样,关于它的英文资料依然很少。ZBL是军用名称的缩写:

Z – Armored
B – Infantry Fighting Vehicle
L – Wheeled
Z(装甲)
B(步战车)
L(轮式)

The number 08 refers to the year it was accepted in service. It’s worth noting that some major sources incorrectly call it ZBL-09 based on the year it was first shown in public during the 1st of October 2009 National Day military parade celebrating the 60th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China, operated by crews belonging to the 54th Group Army from the Jinan Military Region. Other sources claim that it’s called “Snow Leopard”, although this name was most likely made up in the west, driven by the need to assign designations that make the vehicles easier to refer to.
数字“08”指的是正式服役年份。ZBL-08在09年的国庆阅兵中出现,由隶属济南军区第54集团军的乘员驾驶。值得注意的是因为它在09年公布,所以一些主要消息来源不正确地称之为ZBL-09。而其它来源称之为“雪豹”,但这个名字最有可能来自西方(为了方便车辆参考而给各种代号)。

The development likely started around the year 2000 with a prototype appearing in 2006, although this information is mostly speculative. What is most certainly not a speculation, however, is the fact that the basic platform was used for a number of versions such as thePLZ-09 Self-Propelled Gun or the ZTL-11 Fire Support Vehicle, some of which will be discussed in the upcoming articles.
ZBL-08的研发工作可能于2000年左右开始,在06年出现了一个原型。尽管这个消息很可能是杜撰的,但它作为一个车族出现却绝不是猜测。事实上,ZBL-08的平台被用于诸如PLZ-09或ZTL-11上。其中一些车将在即将到来的文章中介绍。

The ZBL-08 is a classic wheeled 8x8 IFV, somewhat resembling the Canadian Stryker. Various sources claim different weights but the most likely combat weight of this vehicle is around 21 tons. It has a crew of three men (driver, gunner and commander) and can carry 7 men in its IFV configuration. The driver is sitting in the front of the hull on the left side, next to the engine, while the commander and the gunner are located in the turret. The troop cabin is separated from the vehicle crew and offers additional protection as well as sound isolation.
ZBL-08是一辆典型的轮式8x8步战车,有点像加拿大制造的斯崔克系列。各种消息来源给出的重量不同,但它的战斗重量最有可能为21吨左右。它有三名乘员(驾驶员,炮手和车长),可以携带7人。驾驶员坐在车体左侧,发动机旁边;车长和炮手位于炮塔中。运兵舱与车辆乘员分开,并提供额外的保护及隔音措施。

The vehicle is powered by the license produced German 440hp Deutz BF6M1015CP diesel (power to weight ratio of approximately 21 hp/t), allowing it to go as fast as 100 km/h on paved roads. This power is sent to all eight wheels (8x8 suspension), significantly increasing its off-road capabilities compared to the older Chinese wheeled vehicle models and allowing it to 40 km/h on unpaved surfaces (on average). For extreme cases, the vehicle is equipped with a central tire pressure control system (Central Tire Inflation System, CTIS), allowing it to temporarily lower the tire pressure for individual wheels. It is also amphibious and can cross calm bodies of water. The operational range is around 800km.
ZBL-08的引擎是德国许可生产的440马力 Deutz BF6M1015CP柴油机(功重比约为21hp/ton),允许其在公路上达到100km/h,坑洼地上达到平均40km/h。引擎的动力被传到所有八个轮子上(8x8),与中国其它较老的轮式车型相比,可以明显看出其越野能力的提高。在极端情况下,车辆配备的中央轮胎压力控制系统(中央轮胎充气系统),可以允许临时降低单个车轮的胎压。ZBL-08也是两栖车辆,可以横渡平静的水体。车辆的行驶距离约800公里。

The protection levels of the vehicle are adequate and generally correspond to the requirements of modern battlefields. Frontally, the vehicle is protected from 23mm AP-I rounds at 1000 meters while its sides (including the troop cabin) can withstand 12.7mm AP bullets at 100 meters. The vehicle also carries:
ZBL-08的防护能力足以应对一般的战场需求。车体正面可以防御1300米外的23mm AP-I(穿甲燃烧弹),侧面(包括运兵舱)可以承受100米外的12.7mm射击。此外它还安装了以下设备:

Smoke grenade launchers
Automatic fire suppression system
NBC protection system
烟雾弹;
自动灭火系统;
核生化防护系统。

The main weapons consist of what is basically an unlicensed copy of the Russian 30mm Shipunov 2A72 autocannon designated ZPT-99 and a modernized version HJ-73C of the older Chinese HJ-73 Red Arrow ATGM system, which itself is an improved version of the Russian Malyutka design. Both weapon systems are mounted in or on the turret. The Fire Control System of the ZBL-08 is allegedly quite advanced and the vehicle is equipped with a thermal imager. The vehicle also uses numerous electronics, connecting it to an advanced battlefield management system and GPS.
车辆主武器包括:30mm ZPT-99机炮,基本上是俄罗斯30mm 2A72的未许可生产版;以及俄罗斯9M14“萨格尔”导弹的改进版——中国的“红箭”导弹(老一代的HJ-73或现代化的HJ-73C)。这两个武器系统安装在炮塔中部和炮塔两侧。据称,ZBL-08的火控系统相当先进。车辆不仅配有热成像仪,还安装了众多电子设备,将其连接到先进的GPS和战场指挥系统。

It’s worth noting that the vehicle is designed to be modular and highly customizable. Engine, transmission suspension and all the other parts of the vehicle were designed with interchangeability in mind, making it possible to adapt the platform to a wide variety of roles or to customize it depending on customer’s wishes.
值得注意的是,车辆是模块化设计,具有高度可定制能力:传动和悬挂系统、引擎和车辆其它部分被设计成具有互换性,使它可以担任各种战场角色,或根据客户要求进行定制。

As its name suggests, the vehicle likely entered Chinese service in 2008 and has since been used by the People’s Liberation Army. There are some reports that these vehicles might be organized into what is effectively a Chinese version of the American Stryker brigades, featuring multiple vehicles on the same platform. The number of vehicles built is currently unknown.
顾名思义,ZBL-08在2008年开始在中国服役,之后被PLA使用至今。一些报道称这些车可能被作用于组建中国版的“斯崔克旅”,以同一座平台为基础发展出多种车型。目前ZBL-08的建造数量我们无法得知。

Unlike some other modern Chinese vehicles, the ZBL-08 is also offered for export under the designation of VN-1 – and successfully, it seems. For one, Venezuela purchased an unknown number of the VN1 IFVs along with some other Chinese vehicles in 2014. They entered official service in 2015. Argentina too tested the VN1s in 2014 and a deal was allegedly struck, but little other information is available regarding this deal and it’s possible it didn’t go through. Finally, Thailand allegedly purchased 34 vehicles of this type earlier this year with the delivery planned for 2020 along with other Chinese equipment, expanding the Chinese influence in the region.
与中国其它现代车辆不同的是,ZBL-08也以VN-1的名义提供出口,并且似乎获得了不小的成功。委内瑞拉在2014年购买了一些未知数量的VN-1及一些其它的中国车辆,这些车辆在2015年开始服役;阿根廷在2014年对VN-1进行了测试,据说已经开始了交易。但关于这笔交易的其它消息很少,很可能最后没有成交;最后,泰国称今年早些时候购买了34辆该型号,它们将随着2020年和其它中国装备一同交付。这扩大了中国在该地区的影响力。

Finally, two modernized export versions designated VN-1B (with and unmanned turret) and VN-1C (with a manned turret) were shown to public during the recent massive August 2017 exhibition of Chinese weapons systems by NORINCO for potential foreign customers. The results of this event are yet to be seen.
近期,北方工业在2017年8月举办的大型中国军事展上,向潜在的外国客户展出了两台现代化的出口版本VN-1B(无人炮塔)和VN-1C(有人炮塔)。这次展会的结果还有待观察。

In Armored Warfare, the ZBL-08 will be a Tier 7 progression armored fighting vehicle, available via the Zhang Feng vehicle pool. Mixing solid firepower with excellent agility, it will be a nice addition to the Polish high-Tier IFVs that were introduced in Update 0.21 and an interesting alternative to the Tier 7 KTO Rosomak – with guided missiles.
在AW中,ZBL-08会是张峰旗下的7级绿票AFV。它混合了坚实的火力与优良的机动,且携带有导弹,将会是0.21引入的波兰高级IFV中,与KTO Rosomak并列的有趣选择。

We hope that you will enjoy it and will see you on the battlefield!

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发表于 2017-9-11 10:15:26 | 显示全部楼层
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